A beautifully manicured lawn begins with knowing and selecting the most suitable grass to plant. Blending different grasses in a way that the limitations of one are the strengths of the other grass is an added advantage that guarantees an evergreen grass garden.
There are two types of grasses in relation to seasons:
– Cool-Season Grasses: The cool-season grasses often thrive during spring and fall seasons and struggle through winter. Mostly, this type of grasses is accustomed to the northern climate and there are different varieties for each type. Mixing them up when planting is always advisable so that they interchange in case one fails due to unfavorable weather, the other type of grass will take over.
– Warm-Season Grasses: They are the reverse of cool-season grasses and do quite well in the southern climate. They turn brown during cold season because they are accustomed to hot weather even though they are shade tolerant. They can be planted in the form of sod or seeds.
The warm-season and cool-season grasses have several varieties, below are six of the most common ones.
6 Types of grass you should choose
1. Fine Fescues
This type of grass looks best presentable at an average length of 2 ½ inches, has fine narrow leaves that contain a red tinge. It is a cool-season grass that can be grown on its own or can be mixed with the Kentucky bluegrass or the tall fescue grass. It is low maintenance grass and doesn’t require high-grade soil for it to do well. The fine fescue grass has four kinds that include red fescue, sheep fescue, chewings fescue and the hard fescue.
2. Kentucky Bluegrass
It is the most common type of grass. If you prefer a smooth lawn, this is definitely your go-to grass and its fine texture is a plus especially for a home lawn. The best mowing height is up to 3 ½ inches and has little shade tolerance. It quickly grows during winter and during summer growth stagnates. It grows up to a minimum period of one month and a maximum of three months and is highly disease resistant when compared to other types of grass. To maintain its lush green color during hot seasons, it needs thorough and frequent watering. One of the unique features is that it has an assortment of more than 200 types. It blends well with the fine fescues grass and the perennial ryegrass.
3. Perennial Ryegrass
The only notable differentiating factor the perennial ryegrass has from the bluegrass is that its base and sometimes the crown is red. Its color shades, however, differ because of the wide variety. It is mostly used in playing fields and homesteads with lots of outdoor activities due to its high traffic tolerance. It needs to be watered regularly especially during hot seasons and can’t survive in extreme conditions. It is a low maintenance grass, grows very fast and can be mixed with the Bermuda grass. A length of 3 ½ inches is the ideal mowing height for this grass.
4. Buffalo Grass
The buffalo grass grows perfectly well in hot areas with well-drained soils. Even though it is of poor quality, it is sometimes used for soil erosion prevention. Less cost will be incurred for maintenance, but weekly mowing is important during peak seasons. 2 ½ to 3 ½ inches should, however, be maintained for it to look neat. Six to eight hours of sun are perfect for the grass and it is also important to note that excess watering encourages weeds and disease vulnerability. Sometimes rainfall is usually enough to sustain the grass.
5. Tall Fescue
As the name suggests, the grass is tall with broad, flat-like rough leaves. Living in a hot and dry place, you can consider selecting the tall fescue because of the high resistance it has for drought and diseases. This is due to its deep roots that also allow it to persevere high heat. It requires low maintenance, regular watering and has a high compatibility with other types of grass
6. Centipede Grass
This type of grass is high maintenance, the texture is fine and is a cool season grass. Just like the tall fescue, it can tolerate very high heat and equally some bits of shade. Of all types of grasses, it grows the lowest to form a carpet-like appearance and texture. Sufficient air circulation in the grass suppresses diseases. For the grass to turn out well, you need to take care of it by properly mowing it to a height of ¾ inch and ensuring that you regularly water it.
To break the monotony of these grasses, you can patch the lawn with ornamental grass to add some life to it. They can, however, be grown on their own and turn out perfectly okay. They change colors at different stages of growth into deeper tones when they are fully grown. Examples include fountain grass, little bluestem, and switchgrass among others. You can never go wrong with these grasses and you might want to consider growing them in your lawn.
Most of them don’t need high maintenance and planting them requires little effort and less time. They also grow within a short time and are dense and for that reason, they can be grown in little amount but turn out to be pushy but neat.
Always go for grass that is pocket-friendly, in terms of purchasing it and maintaining it. Don’t choose, for instance, centipede grass and end up not being able to maintain it as it should be. Also, compatibility with the climate and the soil are crucial factors to consider. Choose the best quality that also tolerates the number of activities, for example, perennial ryegrass can be used for a golfing course. Blending the different varieties is also recommended, but not necessary. Always make sure that the grass is well trimmed, and they are well supplied with the required nutrients and sufficient moisture.