Having your backyard full of colorful flowers and fragrance is satisfying but it requires a lot of work to arrive at such a rewarding outcome. You don’t just begin gardening blindly because it is a step by step activity. You also require certain information on flowers and general gardening.
So What Basic Factors Should you be Aware of before the Pursuit?
The location here is in terms of how accommodating it is for flower gardening. This is the first thing you should be wary of when growing a flower garden or even any other kinds of the garden. Will the kind of flowers you have chosen survive in that particular soil type or will you be forced to acquire a more favorable type of soil: how fertile is the soil? Is the environment, your backyard, garden/flower-friendly? How well is your backyard landscaped?
Design and Growth Variety
When you think of growing a flower garden, the first thing you think of is how you want it to look like. You should have a plan on how you want to partition the garden: Do you want to plant your flowers in raised beds, or flat earth? What color pattern do you want or what kind of flowers would you prefer to grow?
When it comes to variety in terms of growth, there are:
Annuals – These are flowers that have a short life since they survive through one season of growth then die. For this reason, it will be easy for you to grow a variety over a particular period of time before you settle down for a specific one. The only drawback is that once you are satisfied with one, you will have to plant it back again when it dies but sometimes some annuals self-sow.
Perennials – Although they have a longer lifespan, they are more expensive than annuals. They bloom up to a guarantee of three seasons: they stay up on the soil during summer and spring periods and then die during winter.
Biennials – They take a lot more time to glow when compared to the annuals and perennials because, during the first season, only the stem grows then the flowers bloom in the preceding season. They are however a bit similar to annuals in that after the flowers bloom, they die during the following season and in some cases they self-sow.
Planting the Flowers
Step One: Ground Preparation
This begins by clearing the sod, in this case, the backyard to create an appropriate ground for growing the flowers. The sod can be cleared by placing at least three layers of newspapers all over the ground and covering them with compost 3 inches high. After around four months, the sod will have died, the newspapers will have decomposed and the ground will be ready to begin planting. A quicker way to get the sod cleared is by digging through the backyard, but it is more engaging and tiresome since you also need to remove all stones as you dig.
Step Two: Tilling
Loosen the soil by tilling it to enable easy planting of the flowers. Another upside of tilling the ground is that it smoothens out the soil.
Step Three: Enrich the Soil
Most of the available organic matter works best in improving the soil. Soil enrichment is an important step because some soils may not contain rich content for flower growth.
Step Four: Get Your Flowers
After you are done with preparing the land, you need to obtain the flowers you chose to plant. They are planted in three forms:
- They are also the potted flowers. To get the best results, you need to make sure that;
- They have leafy stems – They signify a healthily growing plant.
- There are no roots at the bottom growing through the holes because if there are any, it is evidence that the plant has been in the pot for too long. As a result, it may not be as healthy as it should be.
- The soil is not frozen, flooded or dry because that means that the plant is not ready for planting.
If all the above is in check, then proceed to plant the flower and make sure the holes are deep enough to keep the roots inside the ground.
It is advisable to check directions if any on the seed packet to ensure that you follow the right procedure to plant them. This is because different seeds are handled differently when planting. For seeds that you plan on planting in a pot first, make sure that you use a sterile potting mix because this guarantees health and curbs diseases. If you are keeping the potted flowers indoors, take them out during the day for sunlight which is an essential factor of growth.
When planting bulbs, make sure that the side that is showing roots should be the one placed on the ground. In simple terms, the pointed side should face upwards. When digging a hole for a bulb, a good rule of thumb is digging one that is two to three times the size of the bulb. It is also advisable to put a small fence to deter pests away.
Step Five: Watering
To tightly seal and provide moisture to the seeds or bulbs, water the entire area. Develop a habit of watering the plant on a daily basis mainly because the roots are not well established and it is after they are that you water them depending on the soil or how humid the place is.
Step Six: Mulch
A decomposing mulch will be the most suitable for the flower if it is an annual but if it is a perennial, then go with mulch that takes time to decompose. Mulching is important because it will lock the water in.
It just doesn’t end there, you need to take good care of your flower garden. Keep the garden well groomed by trimming the flowers that need trimming and weed it when necessary.